“ The truth they were making use of marine resources was something that was understood, ” Villa stated in the declaration. “ But till just recently, nobody actually paid much attention to it.”
The crucial idea was that three-quarters of the shell tools had nontransparent and a little roughed up outsides, as if they had actually been sanded down over a time period. This follows shells that had actually cleaned up on a beach, Villa stated.
The staying shell tools, nevertheless, are glossy and smooth on their outside and were most likely to have actually been drawn from the seabed as live animals. “ It ’ s rather possible that the Neanderthals were gathering shells as far down as 2 to 4 meters [6.6 feet to 13.1 feet], ” Villa stated in the declaration. “ Of course, they did not have scuba devices.”
Seashells were especially helpful to Neanderthals sincethey might be cracked with stone hammers into sharp and thin cutting edges.
Pumice stones from volcanic eruptions were likewise found in the Grotta dei Moscerini. The stones, which were likewise utilized as tools, most likely cleaned up following a volcanic eruption 40 miles south of the cavern.
“ People are starting to comprehend that Neanderthals didn ’ t simply hunt big mammals, ” Villa stated. “ They likewise did things like freshwater fishing and even skin diving. ”
The worldwide group of scientists consisted of professionals from CNRS, which is the French National Centre for Scientific Research, the University ofGeneva, Roma Tre University, Sapienza University of Rome and the University of Pisa.
In a different research study launched in 2015, a group led by anthropologists Erik Trinkaus of Washington University reported that lots of Neanderthals struggled with “ swimmer ’ s ear, ” bony developments that form in the ear canal through routine direct exposure to cold water or cold air.
Experts have actually been shedding brand-new light on Neanderthals over the last few years. In 2018, for instance, archaeologists in Poland recognized the ancient bones of a Neanderthal kid consumed by a big bird.
In another research study launched in 2018, researchers recommended that environment modification played a majority in Neanderthals ’ termination than formerly believed.
Last year scientists in France reported that environment modification drove some Neanderthals to cannibalism.
The closest human types to humankind, Neanderthals resided in Eurasia for around 350,000 years. Researchers in Poland report that Neanderthals in Europe primarily ended up being extinct 35,000 years back. There are a number of theories on the timing of Neanderthals ’ termination, with professionals stating that it might have happened 40,000 , 27,000 or 24,000 years earlier.
Fox News ’ Chris Ciaccia added to this short article.
Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers